Tuesday, 24 August 2010

Those Who Warn Against Reading Fath ul Baaree And Sharh Saheeh Muslim

Those Who Warn Against Reading

Fath ul Baaree And Sharh Saheeh Muslim

If I had authority over those that speak against reading Fath ul Baaree and Sharh (Saheeh Muslim) of An-Nawawi; then I would take them and put them in prison until they repent.
For this statement (of theirs) is not said except by a foolish one, that of not reading Fath and Sharh Muslim.

Some youth once asked me: ‘what do you say about reading the books of the innovators such as Ibn Hajr and An-Nawawi and other than them?’ so I said to them: ‘If I were in charge; I would shackle you all; and then I would throw you all in prisons.’

This questioning of theirs is misguidance and a straying from the right path.

Shaykh Hammaad al-Ansaaree

Majmoo' fee tarjumah Hammaad Al-Ansaaree volume 2 pages 582 & 584

Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq

Friday, 13 August 2010

Obedience to the ruler

Obedience to the ruler

( Part No : 9,Page No:103)

Q: Many questions raised about the statement that Your Eminence declared: "Obeying the ruler is Obligatory" and the Hadith: He who obeys the commander (appointed by me) obeys me. Should we obey the ruler in everything?

A: This is a Hadithrelated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim)on the authority of Abu Hurayrah in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated, Whoever obeys the commander (appointed by me) obeys me and whoever disobeys the commander disobeys me. Moreover, Allah (glory be to Him) states in His Glorious Book, O you who believe! Obey Allâh and obey the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority.

This ruling is general and its meaning is qualified by other Hadiths from the Sunnah, as both the Quran and the Sunah are integrated and their rulings restrict each other. That is to say, the general meaning in the book of Allah can be defined by a Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and vice versa. Thus, the Ayah under discussion is among the positions which the Sunnah confines its meaning. Allah (Exalted be He) stated, and those of you (Muslims) who are in authority. It is reported in the authentic Sunnah of the Prophet, Obedience is obligatory only in what is good. Those in authority should not be obeyed except in lawful matters. Similarly, parents, a husband, etc., should not be obeyed except in lawful matters as stated in aforementioned Hadith and the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in the other Hadith, No one is bound to obey a creature in defiance to the Creator. When the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to the Sahabah (the Prophet's companions, may Allah be pleased with them), You will be ruled by leaders and you will find from them good matters and abominable matters.

( Part No : 9,Page No:104)

They asked, "O Allah's Messenger, what do you command us to do? Should not we declare war on them?" He (peace be upon him) said, "No, fulfill the rights due to them and ask Allah for the rights due to you." According to another narration, he (peace be upon him) stated, Give them their due rights and ask Allah for your rights. According to another wording: No, unless you see an evident infidelity on which you have a proof from Allah. Another narration states: No, so long as they establish Salah (prayer) among you. Accordingly, submission and obedience to rulers are established by the authentic Hadiths but are restricted to the lawful matters.

Saturday, 7 August 2010

The Etiquette of Lending Books

The Etiquette of Lending Books

From the etiquettes related to books, also, is: The manners of lending out books. Giving out books for people to borrow is not allowed unless you are giving them to someone that you trust will care for the books. The reason for this is because you have the most right to your book, unless you find someone else that is in need of the book and who, when he finishes using it, will return it back to you.

It is mentioned in the biography of Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee that a man once asked him if he could borrow one of his books, so he replied saying: “You have three days to use it.” The man said: “That is not enough time.” So Al-Khateeb said: “I have counted its pages, so if you want to make a copy of it, then three days is sufficient for you. And if you want to read it, then three days is sufficient for you. And if you want to do more than that with it, then I have the most right to my book.”

This is correct, since in the past I had lent the first volume of a large book consisting of eight volumes to a brother - I don’t want to mention the title of the book, since perhaps he may hear this and think I’m insinuating him - and now nearly twelve years have passed on, and he still has not returned it to me,. And he tells me he doesn’t know where he put it. Similarly, the eighth volume of another set – even though I’m not worried so much over it – however, more than twenty years have passed and until now, he has not given it back. This is why a poet once said:

“Do not lend your books
And make your answer some excuse
Whoever does in fact lend a book,
I swear, he has not done something good.”

Another person said: “The perdition of books is in lending them.”
It was once said to a man from India who had opened up a huge library: “How did you create this library?” He replied: “By borrowing books from people.” He was asked: “How?” So he said: “I borrow a book and don’t return it. This is how I was able to create this library.” The man asked: “Isn’t this a crime against those you borrow from?” He replied: “Whoever lends his books to people is crazy. And whoever gives back what he borrows is even crazier than him.”

This is since souls are attached to books. In his book al-Qawaa’id, while speaking about a principle, Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab mentioned that there is no capital punishment of cutting the hand for stealing them – i.e. if a person steals a book, then according to some scholars, he does not have to have his hand cut off. This is since there is a doubt in this – i.e. that the truth contained in books is for everyone.

So for example, one of your fellow students or colleagues may get a book and then believe that he has a right to it, especially if the book is a charitable copy or it was given to you as a gift or so on. So this would cause him to take the issue of returning it lightly. He will be lax in giving the book back. and you will be the one who loses out on the book.

Therefore, if you are not sure if the one who is asking to borrow a book from you is serious and will benefit from it in a short amount of days and nights, then do not lend him the book. This is since when you lend your books out to people, you are depriving yourself from their benefit. And not every one that borrows a book can be trusted with it, for how many people have borrowed books and not retuned them!

- Shaikh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-’Azeez Aali Shaikh

Taalib-ul-’Ilmi wal-Kutub‘ (pg. 11-12)